GMP is the abbreviation for good manufacturing practices and it forms a crucial part in the overall food safety compliance system in the food industry. GMP guidelines can, therefore, be regarded as the main operational requirements that must be available to allow a business to engage in healthy and safe food production. Complying with GMP rules is therefore heavily emphasised to in all customer certification and food legislation standards.
Why GMP is Important
GMP guidelines are very important since they ensure that safe food is product. Companies within the food industry not only have a legal responsibility, but also a moral one of preparing and producing food that is not going to harm the consumers. Failure to comply with these GMP rules will usually results in high costs for the respective food business. That is why it is necessary that all staff in the food sector must be trained on the appropriate GM procedures.
Basic GMP Guidelines
Good manufacturing practices include most of the basic operational procedures and conditions that must be met by all food businesses. The following is a brief review of the main GMP guidelines in the food industry:
- The correct layout and construction of food premises
- The recommended condition of the immediate external environment of a food premises.
- Adequate and regular maintenance of all equipment, including utensils, used by a food business.
- Identification and proper storage of all waste products within and around the business.
- Using suitable chemicals inside and outside the premises, including chemicals for cleaning, pest control and also machine lubricants.
- GMP guidelines also include rules on maintaining proper cleanliness in the food industry, from the floors, ceilings, and walls to all the other equipment.
- Implementing good pest control programs within the premises and surroundings.
- Avoiding foreign and toxic matter in the final product, including things like wood, plastic, glass, pests, string, tape and metal among others.
As a way of ensuring effective compliance with GMP guidelines in the food industry, documentation is necessary. This includes documenting the procedures you are going to perform to ensure GMP for your food business, and also as a record that shows you have successfully implemented these essential rules.
Finally, all businesses in the food industry sector are advised to undertake their own internal inspections to ensure they are doing their business in accordance with the GMP guidelines. This usually involves a visual site review to check whether the business is complying with regulatory requirements and costumer expectations. It must be a through site assessment to determine the effectiveness of GMP rules, and any arising issues must be addressed quickly.