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Food Importation in Canada

Food Importation in Canada

Just like other world economies, Canada depends on food imports to fulfill the deficits to feed the growing population. The US is featured as the largest exporter of high-value food products to Canada. Statistics show that 26.4 Percent of the imports that found their way into Canada originated from the US. These food imports from the US amount to US$ 16.2billion. Therefore comparing to the food exports that go to Mexico from the US, Canada takes a higher percentage. These foods that are imported are sold directly to consumers through supermarket grocery stores and restaurants.

Most of these imports from the US entered through a duty-free agreement under the NAFTA trade agreement between the US and Canada. The major enablers of the US-Canada food trade include the proximity, common culture between the two nations, shared lifestyle pursuits, and ease of doing business between the two nations. The people of Canada are more familiar with US food production and hence the reason for the cordial business relationship.

Products Regulated Under Canada Agricultural Products Act
According to the Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), Maple and the processed fruits and vegetables are regulated by the Canada Agricultural Products Act. This Act ensures that the imports and foods sourced from federally registered establishments in Canada are safe, properly labeled, and packaged to make sure they are safe for use. For clarification purposes, these processed foods include the fruits and vegetables that are canned, frozen, concentrated, Pickled, hot-filled, or prepared otherwise. The specific role under the Canada Agricultural Products that provides for these foods is processed product regulation.

Analysis of Canadian Food Legislation
In Canada, the Food and Drugs Act is the primary regulator of food handling. Therefore FDA regulates the foods that are either produced locally or imported from other nations. Through the FDA, the regulations that govern food composition, handling, packaging, and labeling are established. Other additional acts are meant to ensure a more streamlined food sector. These acts include the Fish Inspection Act and Regulations, the Meat Inspection Act, and regulation, together with the Canada Agricultural Products Act, the plant protection Act, Health of Animals Act, and overall is the Agriculture and Agri-food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act. These laws are meant to support FDA efforts by ensuring safety, quality, and grading standards are adhered to. 

The regional Canadian Food Inspection Agencies are mandated with the power to ensure food imported into Canada that does not meet the set regulations is returned to the origin and the importer penalized. The penalization is defined under the Agriculture and Agric-Food Administrative Monetary Penalties Act.  This is clearly stipulated under the Canadian Agricultural Products Act. Before importing any food products into the country, the importers are tasked with ensuring that they comply with the set regulations and that they observe the rules set by the seven Agric-Food Acts and in conformity to the FDA regulations. 

For a comprehensive review of the Wholesale Canada food importers / Canada food importers directory, you can click the link www.nutrada.com
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